lunedì 30 settembre 2013

NYT Science: The World as They Knew It

The World as They Knew It
By JOHN NOBLE WILFORD

A new exhibit features more than 40 objects that provide an overview of Greco-Roman geographical thinking and representation, tracing the roots of modern mapmaking.

Published: October 1, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/01/science/legacy-of-greco-roman-mapmaking.html

NYT Science: A Lizard That Slithers

A Lizard That Slithers
By

Scientists have identified four distinct species of legless lizards in California.

Published: October 1, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/01/science/a-lizard-that-slithers.html

NYT Science: Hitting Pay Dirt on Mars

Hitting Pay Dirt on Mars
By KENNETH CHANG

The first rock examined by Curiosity last year turns out to be an uncommon alkaline rock, with a tiny amount of water.

Published: October 1, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/01/science/space/hitting-pay-dirt-on-mars.html

NYT Science: Comment Ban Sets Off Debate

Comment Ban Sets Off Debate
By PAM BELLUCK

The magazine Popular Science has decided to shut off comments on its articles, saying ignorant, insulting and counterfactual posts were polluting the discourse and sowing confusion.

Published: October 1, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/01/science/comment-ban-sets-off-debate.html

NYT Science: Looking for Lincoln, and an Early Fish Fossil

Looking for Lincoln, and an Early Fish Fossil
By DOUGLAS QUENQUA

Recent developments in health and science news. This week: A substitute for silicon in computer chips and a United Nations warning on carbon emissions.

Published: October 1, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/01/science/looking-for-lincoln-and-an-early-fish-fossil.html

NYT Science: A Quake Shakes Loose an Island

A Quake Shakes Loose an Island
By HENRY FOUNTAIN

An island that emerged in the Arabian Sea, off the Pakistani coast, after a magnitude 7.7 earthquake last week was probably created as freed methane gas pushed up a section of shallow seafloor.

Published: October 1, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/01/science/quake-shakes-loose-an-island.html

NYT Science: A Wealth of Data in Whale Breath

A Wealth of Data in Whale Breath
By REBECCA KESSLER

Researchers are learning how to use the breath, or “blow,” of whales and dolphins to extract and measure hormones, microorganisms, DNA and the byproducts of metabolism.

Published: October 1, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/01/science/a-wealth-of-data-in-whale-breath.html

NYT Science: Sampling a Humpback's Breath

Sampling a Humpback's Breath
By Kathleen Hunt

Researchers from the Provincetown Center for Coastal Studies pursue a humpback whale to catch the spray from its blowhole, which turns out to have all kinds of good data in it.

Published: September 30, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/video/2013/09/30/science/100000002473813/sampling-a-humpbacks-breath.html

NYT Science: Cuckoo Finches Come Up With a New Con

Cuckoo Finches Come Up With a New Con
By SINDYA N. BHANOO

Scientists have discovered that the birds have another way of duping other species into raising their young: laying multiple eggs in the foreign nest.

Published: October 1, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/01/science/cuckoo-finches-come-up-with-a-new-con.html

NYT Science: Best Interests of the Patient (1 Letter)

Best Interests of the Patient (1 Letter)
By

A letter to the Editor.

Published: October 1, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/01/science/best-interests-of-the-patient-1-letter.html

NYT Science: It May Only Look Like Shyness (1 Letter)

It May Only Look Like Shyness (1 Letter)
By

A letter to the Editor.

Published: October 1, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/01/science/it-may-only-look-like-shyness-1-letter.html

NYT Science: Female Fruit Flies Like One Mate, or His Brother

Female Fruit Flies Like One Mate, or His Brother
By SINDYA N. BHANOO

British researchers report, on the other hand, that male fruit flies do not like to mate with the same female twice, and avoid her sister. The sense of smell also helps fruit flies figure it all out.

Published: October 1, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/01/science/female-fruit-flies-like-one-mate-or-his-brother.html

NYT Science: Yes, Spiders Keep to Themselves

Yes, Spiders Keep to Themselves
By THE NEW YORK TIMES

Letter to the editor.

Published: October 1, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/01/science/yes-spiders-keep-to-themselves.html

NYT Science: A Disease Cuts Corn Yields

A Disease Cuts Corn Yields
By STEPHANIE STROM

Goss’s wilt, a disease that is spreading in the United States, has been devastating the crops of corn farmers, while the cause of the tidal wave remains uncertain.

Published: October 1, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/01/science/earth/a-disease-cuts-corn-yields.html

NYT Science: Why do Sea Gulls Like Parking Lots?

Why do Sea Gulls Like Parking Lots?
By C. CLAIBORNE RAY

There are more than 50 species of gulls found worldwide, with many living hundreds of miles from the nearest ocean.

Published: October 1, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/01/science/why-do-sea-gulls-like-parking-lots.html

NYT Science: Astronaut and a Writer at the Movies

Astronaut and a Writer at the Movies
By DENNIS OVERBYE

Watching the new film “Gravity” with the astronaut Michael J. Massimino, who flew missions to service the Hubble Space Telescope, gives insight into the film’s fidelities, and its flaws.

Published: October 1, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/01/science/space/an-astronaut-and-a-writer-at-the-movies.html

NYT Science: Evolution Sped Up by Computation

Evolution Sped Up by Computation
By EDWARD FRENKEL

Nature speaks in algorithms, says a new book, “Probably Approximately Correct,” which suggests that computation has always been the dominating force on earth.

Published: October 1, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/01/science/probably-approximately-correct-explores-natures-algorithms.html

NYT Science: ScienceTake: A Deadly Mating Game

ScienceTake: A Deadly Mating Game
By Christopher Cascarano, Jeffery DelViscio and James Gorman

For male spiders, mating with a larger, hungry female can be a risky business. But for the dark fishing spider, sex is guaranteed death sentence.

Published: September 30, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/video/2013/09/30/science/100000002473286/sciencetake-a-deadly-mating-game.html

venerdì 27 settembre 2013

NYT Science: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Report Summary

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Report Summary
By

The panel of experts unveiled its latest assessment of climate research, reinforcing its earlier conclusions that global warming is real, that it is caused primarily if not exclusively by human emissions.

Published: September 27, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2013/09/27/science/IPCC-report-summary.html

NYT Science: Climate Panel Agrees on Global Warming Report

Climate Panel Agrees on Global Warming Report
By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS

Delegates to international conference will release their document on Friday after all-night negotiations.

Published: September 28, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/28/science/global-climate-change-report.html

giovedì 26 settembre 2013

NYT Science: Isolated Forests

Isolated Forests
By

Islands formed by the flooding of a reservoir in Thailand had a rapid drop in the number of resident mammal species.

Published: September 26, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2013/09/26/science/0926-forest.html

NYT Science: In Fragmented Forests, Rapid Mammal Extinctions

In Fragmented Forests, Rapid Mammal Extinctions
By CARL ZIMMER

A man-made reservoir in Thailand has given biologists the opportunity to measure the speed of mammal extinctions and to watch them happen, quickly.

Published: September 27, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/27/science/in-fragmented-forests-rapid-mammal-extinctions.html

mercoledì 25 settembre 2013

NYT Science: ScenceTake: A Frog's Secret to Sticking

ScenceTake: A Frog's Secret to Sticking
By Christopher Cascarano, Jeffery DelViscio and James Gorman

Nature is full animals with amazing abilities that scientists are trying to understand--the torrent frog is one of them. True to its name, it lives, happily, stuck to waterfalls.

Published: September 25, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/video/2013/09/25/science/100000002464764/scencetake-a-frogs-secret-to-sticking.html

NYT Science: Researchers Build a Working Carbon Nanotube Computer

Researchers Build a Working Carbon Nanotube Computer
By JOHN MARKOFF

The achievement was reported in the journal Nature on Wednesday. Carbon nanotubes are viewed as having the potential to extend the limits of silicon.

Published: September 26, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/26/science/researchers-build-a-working-carbon-nanotube-computer.html

martedì 24 settembre 2013

NYT Science: David Hubel, Nobel-Winning Scientist, Dies at 87

David Hubel, Nobel-Winning Scientist, Dies at 87
By DENISE GELLENE

Dr. Hubel was half of a team that studied how the brain processed information from the retina. The findings led to a better understanding of how to treat certain birth defects.

Published: September 25, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/25/science/david-hubel-nobel-winning-scientist-dies-at-87.html

lunedì 23 settembre 2013

NYT Science: Cargo Ship Docking at Space Station Is Delayed

Cargo Ship Docking at Space Station Is Delayed
By KENNETH CHANG

A commercial cargo spacecraft, which was to dock at the International Space Station on Sunday, will not make its second attempt until at least Saturday.

Published: September 24, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/24/science/space/cargo-ship-docking-at-space-station-is-delayed.html

NYT Science: As ‘Normal’ as Rabbits’ Weights and Dragons’ Wings

As ‘Normal’ as Rabbits’ Weights and Dragons’ Wings
By CASEY DUNN

In this week’s CreatureCast we explain a common statistical description of the world — the so-called “Normal Distribution” before — with some familiar and fanciful examples.

Published: September 24, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/24/science/as-normal-as-rabbits-weights-and-dragons-wings.html

NYT Science: Bunnies, Dragons and the ‘Normal’ World

Bunnies, Dragons and the ‘Normal’ World
By Shuyi Chiou, Casey Dunn, Pathikrit Bhattacharyya

The normal distribution crops up many places in nature. The central limit theorem explains how it provides a near-universal expectation for averages of measurements.

Published: September 23, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/video/2013/09/23/science/100000002452709/bunnies-dragons-and-the-normal-world.html

NYT Science: Exon Skipping

Exon Skipping
By

Experimental drugs are being designed to repair genetic errors that cause muscular dystrophy.

Published: September 24, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2013/09/24/science/0924-skip.html

NYT Science: Research May Point to Treatment for Cold Sores

Research May Point to Treatment for Cold Sores
By DOUGLAS QUENQUA

Insight about a mutated gene in people who got cold sores suggests a possible research route for both cold sores and other infections caused by herpes simplex virus type 1.

Published: September 24, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/24/science/research-may-point-to-treatment-for-cold-sores.html

NYT Science: Small, Slimy and See-through

Small, Slimy and See-through
By

Scientists have discovered a tiny snail with a translucent shell living half a mile below the surface in Croatia.

Published: September 24, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/24/science/small-slimy-and-see-through.html

NYT Science: Decoy Protein Boosts Bone Growth

Decoy Protein Boosts Bone Growth
By DOUGLAS QUENQUA

Mice with dwarfism characteristics, caused by a gene mutation, resumed normal bone growth after injection of a decoy protein.

Published: September 24, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/24/science/decoy-protein-boosts-bone-growth.html

NYT Science: Rethinking the Poker Face and Plans for a Cat in Space

Rethinking the Poker Face and Plans for a Cat in Space
By JENNIFER A. KINGSON

Recent developments in health and science news. This week: A molasses spill has been killing marine life and a $33.2 million grant will go toward Alzheimer’s research.

Published: September 24, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/24/science/rethinking-the-poker-face-and-plans-for-a-cat-in-space.html

NYT Science: Making a Case for a Timber Tower

Making a Case for a Timber Tower
By

Engineers are developing ways to build skyscrapers largely of timber, which would reduce construction-related carbon dioxide emissions compared with conventional structures of concrete and steel.

Published: September 24, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2013/09/24/science/0924-sci-timber.html

NYT Science: Appeal of Timber High Rises Widens

Appeal of Timber High Rises Widens
By HENRY FOUNTAIN

Skidmore, Owings & Merrill has developed a structural system that uses timber to construct tall buildings as an environmentally friendlier alternative to steel and concrete.

Published: September 24, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/24/science/appeal-of-timber-high-rises-widens.html

NYT Science: The Sun That Did Not Roar

The Sun That Did Not Roar
By KENNETH CHANG

The Sun appears to slack off at the height of the solar cycle, the solar maximum, usually a time of roiling activity as the star’s magnetic fields reverse.

Published: September 24, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/24/science/space/the-sun-that-did-not-roar.html

NYT Science: Getting the Most Out of Sleep

Getting the Most Out of Sleep
By C. CLAIBORNE RAY

While duration is important, experts say the quality and timing of sleep are critical to a good night’s rest.

Published: September 24, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/24/science/getting-the-most-out-of-sleep.html

NYT Science: Decades of Disarmament

Decades of Disarmament
By WILLIAM J. BROAD and DAVID E. SANGER

The United States has been working to dispose of it chemical weapons for decades, a process complicated by concerns about public health and the environment.

Published: September 24, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/24/science/decades-of-disarmament.html

NYT Science: Scientific Discovery, Frame by Moving Frame

Scientific Discovery, Frame by Moving Frame
By JAMES GORMAN

This week, we begin a new video series that will take you inside the labs and give you a narrated view of research as it happens.

Published: September 24, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/24/science/scientific-discovery-frame-by-moving-frame.html

NYT Science: Science Events: Live Radio and Kepler on Stage

Science Events: Live Radio and Kepler on Stage
By JASCHA HOFFMAN

October events at the intersection of science and culture.

Published: September 24, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/24/science/science-events-live-radio-and-kepler-on-stage.html

NYT Science: ScienceTake: How a Dragonfly Hunts

ScienceTake: How a Dragonfly Hunts
By Christopher Cascarano and Jeffery DelViscio

Marveling at the efficiency of the dragonfly, a stone-cold killer in the skies.

Published: September 23, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/video/2013/09/23/science/100000002459273/sciencetake-how-a-dragonfly-hunts.html

NYT Science: ScienceTake: The Cheetah's Agility

ScienceTake: The Cheetah's Agility
By Christopher Cascarano and Jeffery DelViscio

They are the fastest animals on land, but new research shows that much of cheetahs' predatory success is based not on sprinting, but on stopping and starting with extraordinary agility.

Published: September 23, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/video/2013/09/23/science/100000002459297/sciencetake-the-cheetahs-agility.html

NYT Science: ScienceTake: Tiny Bat, Long Tongue

ScienceTake: Tiny Bat, Long Tongue
By Christopher Cascarano and Jeffery DelViscio

How does Pallas's long-tongued bat collect nectar midflight? By using a long, barb-lined tongue, of course.

Published: September 23, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/video/2013/09/23/science/100000002459286/sciencetake-tiny-bat-long-tongue.html

NYT Science: ScienceTake: A Thresher's Deadly Tail

ScienceTake: A Thresher's Deadly Tail
By Christopher Cascarano and Jeffery DelViscio

The tail of the thresher shark is not just for show -- it's for hunting.

Published: September 23, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/video/2013/09/23/science/100000002459290/sciencetake-a-threshers-deadly-tail.html

NYT Science: ScienceTake: How Dolphins Know Who's Who

ScienceTake: How Dolphins Know Who's Who
By Christopher Cascarano and Jeffery DelViscio

We all know that dolphins are smart animals, but scientists have found that these creatures create their own names and respond when they are called.

Published: September 23, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/video/2013/09/23/science/100000002459264/sciencetake-how-dolphins-know-whos-who.html

NYT Science: ScienceTake: Bacteria's Private Line

ScienceTake: Bacteria's Private Line
By Christopher Cascarano and Jeffery DelViscio

The first of our new ScienceTake series examines how a kind of bacteria can organize coordinated, wavelike attacks on prey using a stealth communication system.

Published: September 23, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/video/2013/09/23/science/100000002459293/sciencetake-bacterias-private-line.html

domenica 22 settembre 2013

NYT Science: Military Lags in Push for Robotic Ground Vehicles

Military Lags in Push for Robotic Ground Vehicles
By JOHN MARKOFF

Amid spending cuts, the United States military, which helped kick-start the technology for self-driving cars, has remained focused on unmanned aerial vehicles.

Published: September 24, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/24/science/military-lags-in-push-for-robotic-ground-vehicles.html

venerdì 20 settembre 2013

NYT Science: Arctic Ice Makes Comeback From Record Low, but Long-Term Decline May Continue

Arctic Ice Makes Comeback From Record Low, but Long-Term Decline May Continue
By JUSTIN GILLIS

The sea ice coverage in the Arctic Ocean is 50 percent greater than last year at this time.

Published: September 21, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/21/science/earth/arctic-ice-makes-comeback-from-record-low-but-long-term-decline-may-continue.html

giovedì 19 settembre 2013

NYT Science: Candace Pert, 67, Explorer of the Brain, Dies

Candace Pert, 67, Explorer of the Brain, Dies
By JOHN SCHWARTZ

As a Johns Hopkins graduate student, Dr. Pert helped discover a key to brain chemistry. She went on to become a neuroscientist and a major proponent of alternative medicine.

Published: September 20, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/20/science/candace-pert-67-explorer-of-the-brain-dies.html

NYT Science: New Approach to Explaining Evolution’s Big Bang

New Approach to Explaining Evolution’s Big Bang
By CARL ZIMMER

Two scientists take a fresh look at the hypotheses about the Cambrian explosion, one of the most important phases in the history of life.

Published: September 20, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/20/science/new-approach-to-explaining-evolutions-big-bang.html

NYT Science: Mars Rover Comes Up Empty in Search for Methane

Mars Rover Comes Up Empty in Search for Methane
By KENNETH CHANG

In more than a year on Mars, Curiosity has found no evidence of methane, a gas that is considered a possible calling card of microbes, NASA announced Thursday.

Published: September 20, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/20/science/space/mars-rover-comes-up-empty-in-search-for-methane.html

mercoledì 18 settembre 2013

NYT Science: Stephen E. Malawista, Lyme Disease Researcher, Dies at 79

Stephen E. Malawista, Lyme Disease Researcher, Dies at 79
By DOUGLAS MARTIN

Dr. Malawista and his team were credited with defining an ailment that was causing distress in Connecticut.

Published: September 19, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/19/science/stephen-e-malawista-lyme-disease-researcher-dies-at-79.html

lunedì 16 settembre 2013

NYT Science: Gearlike Legs Propel a European Jumper

Gearlike Legs Propel a European Jumper
By SINDYA N. BHANOO

A plant-hopping insect has joints that work like interlocking gears, a new study reports, the first known instance of coglike wheels in nature.

Published: September 17, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/17/science/gearlike-legs-propel-a-european-jumper.html

NYT Science: Male Orangutans Found to Share Travel Plans

Male Orangutans Found to Share Travel Plans
By SINDYA N. BHANOO

The males make plans up to 24 hours in advance and tell them to nearby orangutans through long, loud calls that can be heard more than a half-mile away.

Published: September 17, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/17/science/male-orangutans-found-to-share-travel-plans.html

NYT Science: Dancing With Black Widow Spiders

Dancing With Black Widow Spiders
By JACKSON LANDERS

A professional outdoorsman gets to know some of the black widow spiders near his home, first as a shy, retiring pet, then as a venomous threat.

Published: September 17, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/17/science/dancing-with-black-widows.html

NYT Science: Why Are Lobsters Blue, and Why Does Cooking Turn Them Red?

Why Are Lobsters Blue, and Why Does Cooking Turn Them Red?
By C. CLAIBORNE RAY

The interactions between a protein and the red pigment astaxanthin account for the colors, experts say.

Published: September 17, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/17/science/why-are-lobsters-blue-and-why-does-cooking-turn-them-red.html

NYT Science: The Rational Choices of Crack Addicts

The Rational Choices of Crack Addicts
By JOHN TIERNEY

Scientists have long known how drugs act on the brain’s reward center, but a researcher shows that societal factors play a large role in addiction, too.

Published: September 17, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/17/science/the-rational-choices-of-crack-addicts.html

NYT Science: DNA Double Take

DNA Double Take
By CARL ZIMMER

Your DNA and identity are not as entwined as once thought. In fact most people have multiple genomes floating around, from mutations and remnants of pregnancies or twins.

Published: September 17, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/17/science/dna-double-take.html

NYT Science: Science Education for All

Science Education for All
By THE NEW YORK TIMES

Letters to the editor.

Published: September 17, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/17/science/science-education-for-all.html

NYT Science: United States Ranks 11th in Plague Cases Worldwide

United States Ranks 11th in Plague Cases Worldwide
By DONALD G. McNEIL Jr.

The United States had 57 cases of plague in the last decade, putting it far behind the worst-affected nations in Africa, but still 11th in the world.

Published: September 17, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/17/science/united-states-ranks-11th-in-plague-cases-worldwide.html

NYT Science: Unlocking the Potential of ‘Flammable Ice’

Unlocking the Potential of ‘Flammable Ice’
By HENRY FOUNTAIN

Scientists say there is still much that is unknown about methane hydrates, sometimes referred to as “flammable ice,” and that the commercial production of gas from them is still far-off.

Published: September 17, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/17/science/earth/unlocking-the-potential-of-flammable-ice.html

NYT Science: New Hope for H.I.V. Vaccine

New Hope for H.I.V. Vaccine
By DONALD G. McNEIL Jr.

A new vaccine tested in monkeys generated a muted immune response that effectively wiped out cells infected with simian immunodeficiency virus, a close relative of H.I.V.

Published: September 17, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/17/science/new-hope-for-hiv-vaccine.html

NYT Science: Creatures, Strange and Complex, in Colorful Detail

Creatures, Strange and Complex, in Colorful Detail
By JEFFERY DelVISCIO

This week, we start a new video partnership with CreatureCast, a video podcast project from Brown University that uses animation to show the evolutionary range of the natural world.

Published: September 17, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/17/science/creatures-strange-and-complex-in-colorful-detail.html

NYT Science: A Solar System First and Sizing Down a Mountain

A Solar System First and Sizing Down a Mountain
By KENNETH CHANG

Recent developments in health and science news. This week: That lip tingling from Sichuan cuisine and good news for the Arctic’s ice.

Published: September 17, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/17/science/a-solar-system-first-and-sizing-down-a-mountain.html

NYT Science: Not Even a Window Seat Can Get You This View

Not Even a Window Seat Can Get You This View
By THE NEW YORK TIMES

A view of a galaxy cluster, in new detail.

Published: September 17, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/17/science/not-even-a-window-seat-can-get-you-this-view.html

NYT Science: Initial Focus of Research in Brain Project Is Chosen

Initial Focus of Research in Brain Project Is Chosen
By JAMES GORMAN

An advisory group said to focus on systems and circuits involving thousands to millions of brain cells, not the entire brain or individual cells and molecules.

Published: September 17, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/17/science/initial-focus-of-research-in-brain-project-is-chosen.html

NYT Science: An Encounter With a Black Widow

An Encounter With a Black Widow
By Jeffery DelViscio, Pedro Rafael Rosado, David Corcoran, Kriston Lewis, Robin Lindsay, Amy Rio and Abe Sater

Jackson Landers, a contributor to the Times, recounts his run in with a black widow spider.

Published: September 16, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/video/2013/09/16/science/100000002446420/an-encounter-with-a-black-widow.html

NYT Science: The Science of Drug Addiction

The Science of Drug Addiction
By Jeffery DelViscio, Pedro Rafael Rosado, David Corcoran, Kriston Lewis, Robin Lindsay, Amy Rio and Abe Sater

Carl Hart, an associate professor at Columbia University, is the author of the book “High Price,” a mix of memoir and scientific research about drug addiction.

Published: September 16, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/video/2013/09/16/science/100000002446330/the-science-of-drug-addiction.html

NYT Science: CreatureCast: Sex in Spoonworms

CreatureCast: Sex in Spoonworms
By Alysse Austin

What if you had a tiny husband, about the size of a breath mint, that lived in a chamber within your body and produced sperm on an as-needed basis? This is how mating works in the green spoonworm.

Published: September 16, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/video/2013/09/16/science/100000002443129/creaturecast-sex-in-spoonworms.html

giovedì 12 settembre 2013

NYT Science: In a Breathtaking First, NASA Craft Exits the Solar System

In a Breathtaking First, NASA Craft Exits the Solar System
By BROOKS BARNES

Voyager 1, launched back in 1977, has become the first man-made object to pass into the unknown vastness of interstellar space.

Published: September 13, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/13/science/in-a-breathtaking-first-nasa-craft-exits-the-solar-system.html

NYT Science: A Far-Flung Possibility for the Origin of Life

A Far-Flung Possibility for the Origin of Life
By CARL ZIMMER

A leading expert on the origin of life suggests that based on available evidence, Mars might be a more likely place for life to start than Earth.

Published: September 12, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/12/science/space/a-far-flung-possibility-for-the-origin-of-life.html

mercoledì 11 settembre 2013

NYT Science: Middle-Aged Men Can Blame Estrogen, Too

Middle-Aged Men Can Blame Estrogen, Too
By GINA KOLATA

New research has found that estrogen, the female sex hormone, plays a much bigger role in the aging male body than previously thought.

Published: September 12, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/12/science/middle-aged-men-can-blame-estrogen-too.html

NYT Science: What's a Fab Lab?

What's a Fab Lab?
By Jeffery DelViscio, Pedro Rafael Rosado, Kriston Lewis, Robin Lindsay and Abe Sater

Paulo Blikstein, an assistant professor at Stanford University, talks about the Fab Lab, an effort to inspire invention and innovation aimed at school-aged youth.

Published: September 11, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/video/2013/09/11/science/100000002402479/whats-a-fab-lab.html

lunedì 9 settembre 2013

NYT Science: Human Hands in a Changing Climate

Human Hands in a Changing Climate
By Jeffery DelViscio, Pedro Rafael Rosado, David Corcoran, Kriston Lewis, Robin Lindsay, Amy Rio and Abe Sater

The Times's Justin Gillis talks about what the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change will release in their report later this month.

Published: September 9, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/video/2013/09/09/science/100000002432570/human-hands-in-a-changing-climate.html

NYT Science: Breathing Easier With Better Masks

Breathing Easier With Better Masks
By Jeffery DelViscio, Pedro Rafael Rosado, David Corcoran, Kriston Lewis, Robin Lindsay, Amy Rio and Abe Sater

Anthony DePalma discusses the ongoing effort to design a respiratory mask that’s both wearable and functional.

Published: September 9, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/video/2013/09/09/science/100000002432579/breathing-easier-with-better-masks.html

NYT Science: A Teacher’s Lament

A Teacher’s Lament
By THE NEW YORK TIMES

Letter to the editor.

Published: September 10, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/10/science/a-teachers-lament.html

NYT Science: Examining the Studies

Examining the Studies
By THE NEW YORK TIMES

Letters to the editor.

Published: September 10, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/10/science/examining-the-studies.html

NYT Science: Global Warming’s Impact and Germs That Induce Thinness

Global Warming’s Impact and Germs That Induce Thinness
By KENNETH CHANG

Recent developments in health and science news. This week: NASA’s latest moon mission and games that could help older adults.

Published: September 10, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/10/science/global-warmings-impact-and-germs-that-induce-thinness.html

NYT Science: A Climate Alarm, Too Muted for Some

A Climate Alarm, Too Muted for Some
By JUSTIN GILLIS

This month, the world will get a new report from a United Nations panel about the science of climate change, and behind the scenes, two big fights are brewing.

Published: September 10, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/10/science/a-climate-alarm-too-muted-for-some.html

NYT Science: Male Sensitivity Written in the Genes

Male Sensitivity Written in the Genes
By DOUGLAS QUENQUA

A crucial gene on the Y chromosome, SRY, that activates male development in a human embryo is surprisingly sensitive and vulnerable to environmental factors, a study finds.

Published: September 10, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/10/science/male-sensitivity-written-in-the-genes.html

NYT Science: A Shark Prowling the Ocean Floor

A Shark Prowling the Ocean Floor
By THE NEW YORK TIMES

Scientists in Indonesia have discovered a new species of walking shark that lives on the ocean floor and uses its fins to shuffle around.

Published: September 10, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/10/science/a-shark-prowling-the-ocean-floor.html

NYT Science: Seven Isn’t the Magic Number for Short-Term Memory

Seven Isn’t the Magic Number for Short-Term Memory
By RONI JACOBSON

A theory from an influential paper from the 1950s about the limits of short-term memory has been refined, but not supplanted.

Published: September 10, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/10/science/seven-isnt-the-magic-number-for-short-term-memory.html

NYT Science: Science Bookshelf

Science Bookshelf
By THE NEW YORK TIMES

Top-selling nonfiction titles based on the sciences.

Published: September 10, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/10/science/science-bookshelf.html

NYT Science: A Numerical Love Story

A Numerical Love Story
By KATIE HAFNER

Daniel Tammet, a prodigious savant with synesthesia, dwells on his love for numbers, offering some revelatory glimpses into a highly unusual brain.

Published: September 10, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/10/science/daniel-tammets-thinking-in-numbers-dwells-on-a-pure-love.html

NYT Science: On ‘The Big Bang Theory,’ Helping Physics and Fiction Collide

On ‘The Big Bang Theory,’ Helping Physics and Fiction Collide
By CLAUDIA DREIFUS

As chief script writer for “The Big Bang Theory,” Eric Kaplan unites the worlds of comedy and (fictional) academia.

Published: September 10, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/10/science/on-the-big-bang-theory-helping-physics-and-fiction-collide.html

NYT Science: Improving Respirator Masks to Put Fresh Air in Reach

Improving Respirator Masks to Put Fresh Air in Reach
By ANTHONY DePALMA

Respirator masks, used by responders after the 9/11 attacks, played a role in exposing thousands to contaminated air, but the government and the hazardous-equipment industry are trying for better.

Published: September 10, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/10/science/improving-respirator-masks-to-put-fresh-air-in-reach.html

NYT Science: Are Wasps Cannibals?

Are Wasps Cannibals?
By C. CLAIBORNE RAY

Some wasps are both carnivores and cannibals, with recent studies indicating that some were observed eating their own adult siblings.

Published: September 10, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/10/science/are-wasps-cannibals.html

venerdì 6 settembre 2013

NYT Science: Hyperactivity Linked to Inner Ear Defect

Hyperactivity Linked to Inner Ear Defect
By DOUGLAS QUENQUA

A new study says a genetic defect may play a role in causing hyperactive behavior, suggesting that at least in some cases, hyperactivity can have a neurobiological root.

Published: September 10, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/10/science/hyperactivity-linked-to-inner-ear-defect.html

giovedì 5 settembre 2013

NYT Science: Research Cites Role of Warming in Extremes

Research Cites Role of Warming in Extremes
By KENNETH CHANG

In examining a dozen extreme weather events last year, scientists found evidence that human activity was a partial culprit in about half.

Published: September 6, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/06/science/earth/research-cites-role-of-warming-in-extremes.html

NYT Science: A Catalog for all the World’s Viruses?

A Catalog for all the World’s Viruses?
By CARL ZIMMER

A new study suggests that a catalog of 85 percent of all mammal viruses on earth could be made for $1.4 billion and be used to help fight future viral epidemics.

Published: September 5, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/05/science/a-catalog-for-all-the-worlds-viruses.html

martedì 3 settembre 2013

NYT Science: Massachusetts: Math Capital?

Massachusetts: Math Capital?
By Jeffery DelViscio, Pedro Rafael Rosado, Kriston Lewis, Robin Lindsay and Abe Sater

Massachusetts has sharply improved math achievement for its eighth graders. Kenneth Chang visited one city in the state to see how they’re doing it.

Published: September 3, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/video/2013/09/03/science/100000002418503/massachusetts-math-capital.html

lunedì 2 settembre 2013

NYT Science: American Students, Better Than Average

American Students, Better Than Average
By

On a 2011 test of fourth and eighth graders, American students were 10th among the participating countries. The performance of individual states that agreed to be scored separately varied widely.

Published: September 2, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2013/09/02/science/03braintree-graphic.html

NYT Science: Milestones in Science Education

Milestones in Science Education
By ETHAN HAUSER

Highlights of science and math education though the years.

Published: September 3, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/03/science/milestones-in-science-education.html

NYT Science: Expecting the Best Yields Results in Massachusetts

Expecting the Best Yields Results in Massachusetts
By KENNETH CHANG

Adopting rigorous standards, and sticking with them while giving teachers some breathing room, has helped Massachusetts’ students rise to No. 1 in the nation on science and math achievement.

Published: September 3, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/03/science/expecting-the-best-yields-results-in-massachusetts.html

NYT Science: STEM Doesn’t Mean Flower

STEM Doesn’t Mean Flower
By NATALIE ANGIER

An excerpt from a 2010 essay by Natalie Angier that objected to “the odious and increasingly pervasive term ‘STEM education.’”

Published: September 3, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/03/science/stem-doesnt-mean-flower.html

NYT Science: Cognitive Science Meets Pre-Algebra

Cognitive Science Meets Pre-Algebra
By BENEDICT CAREY

Mixing related but distinct concepts in lessons has proved more effective than focusing on one subject at a time, though it feels harder.

Published: September 3, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/03/science/cognitive-science-meets-pre-algebra.html

NYT Science: Applying New Rigor in Studying Education

Applying New Rigor in Studying Education
By GINA KOLATA

Amid a sore lack of data, one federal office is conducting randomized trials of various educational programs to determine which live up to their claims.

Published: September 3, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/03/science/applying-new-rigor-in-studying-education.html

NYT Science: Chinese Educators Look to American Classrooms

Chinese Educators Look to American Classrooms
By DAN LEVIN

While the world may be dazzled by Chinese students’ test scores, educators in China worry that the lack of hands-on science learning is stifling creativity and critical thinking.

Published: September 3, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/03/science/chinese-educators-look-to-american-classrooms.html

NYT Science: Young, and Against Bad Science

Young, and Against Bad Science
By DOUGLAS QUENQUA

Meet some high school and college students who have taken stands on issues connected to science education.

Published: September 3, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/03/science/young-and-against-bad-science.html

NYT Science: Standard-Bearer in Evolution Fight

Standard-Bearer in Evolution Fight
By CORNELIA DEAN

Eugenie C. Scott, longtime director of the National Center for Science Education, has spent a career beating back efforts to teach creationism in schools across America.

Published: September 3, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/03/science/eugenie-c-scott-fights-the-teaching-of-creationism-in-schools.html

NYT Science: Ideas for Improving Science Education in the U.S.

Ideas for Improving Science Education in the U.S.
By CLAUDIA DREIFUS

Science Times asked 19 experts, “If you could make one change to improve science education in the United States, what would it be?”

Published: September 3, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/03/science/ideas-for-improving-science-education-in-the-us.html

NYT Science: Ideas for Improving Science Education

Ideas for Improving Science Education
By

If you could make one change to improve science education in the United States, what would it be? Science Times asked that question of 19 Americans — scientists, educators, students — with a stake in the answer. Their responses follow.

Published: September 2, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2013/09/02/science/science-education-voices.html

NYT Science: Mystery of the Missing Women in Science

Mystery of the Missing Women in Science
By NATALIE ANGIER

Female students are catching up or surpassing male counterparts in math and science, yet the fields like engineering and computer science remain male dominated.

Published: September 3, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/03/science/mystery-of-the-missing-women-in-science.html

NYT Science: Fewer Topics, Covered More Rigorously

Fewer Topics, Covered More Rigorously
By KENNETH CHANG

As states adopt the new Common Core standards for math education, teachers prepare for a shift from breadth to depth, particularly in the earlier grades.

Published: September 3, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/03/science/fewer-topics-covered-more-rigorously.html

NYT Science: Field-Testing the Math Apps

Field-Testing the Math Apps
By LISA GUERNSEY

With the advent of interactive touch screens, educational apps have taken off. Until recently, there has been little research into their effectiveness, but that is starting to change.

Published: September 3, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/03/science/field-testing-the-math-apps.html

NYT Science: Very Young Programmers

Very Young Programmers
By LISA GUERNSEY

After a program to teach children 8 and up to code proves successful, its creators adapt it for even younger students.

Published: September 3, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/03/science/very-young-programmers.html

NYT Science: Learning Math? There's An App for That.

Learning Math? There's An App for That.
By Jeffery DelViscio, Pedro Rafael Rosado, Kriston Lewis, Robin Lindsay and Abe Sater

A team of software developers and academic researchers are trying to create a suite of educational apps that will hopefully ease the learning process for pre-schoolers (and their educators).

Published: September 2, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/video/2013/09/02/science/100000002406547/learning-math-theres-an-app-for-that.html

NYT Science: The High School Challenge

The High School Challenge
By HANNAH FAIRFIELD and JOSH KELLER

High school students are graduating with many more science credits that could pave the way to careers in science and technology.

Published: September 3, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/03/science/the-high-school-challenge.html

NYT Science: The High School Challenge

The High School Challenge
By

We invited high school teachers and other educators to send us their favorite science questions. Take a short quiz and see how well you match up.

Published: September 2, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2013/09/02/science/the-high-school-challenge.html

NYT Science: ‘Sesame Street’ Widens Its Focus

‘Sesame Street’ Widens Its Focus
By ELIZABETH JENSEN

With its usual silliness, “Sesame Street” is introducing serious concepts about nature, science, math and engineering to its target audience of children too young to read.

Published: September 3, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/03/science/sesame-street-widens-its-focus.html

NYT Science: ‘Sesame’ Science

‘Sesame’ Science
By Kassie Bracken

In a Sesame Workshop lab, preschoolers play physics and engineering games with Grover and Elmo. It’s the newest effort in a mission to teach science concepts to children. But is it working?

Published: September 2, 2013 at 4:00AM

via NYT Science http://www.nytimes.com/video/2013/09/02/science/100000002414485/sesame-science.html